Forward Error Correction (forward error protection) Definition/Meaning:
Error correction that is
accomplished by appending redundant data to actual data so that certain kinds of
errors can be both detected and corrected. This differs from many error
correction methods used in communications in that there is no request to resend
the data (e.g. from a memory); there is thus no reverse message, hence the word
forward. The nature of the redundancy is a function of the expected type of
error. See also backward error correction.