Definition and Explanation of Information:
An organization collects and stores data from both internal and external sources. Usually, the collected data is not in proper format and does not give proper meanings. Various operations are performed on collected data to get required results that give proper and useful meanings known as information. It means that processed data is called information.
The data is processed using various techniques. The modern technique to process data is electronic data processing in which computer is used to process data. Actually the raw data is processed in any system to get the required output or result.
The data and set of instructions (program) are given to the computer as input. The computer processes the data according to given instructions and gives the useful information as output. The processed data (or information) is used for making decisions. The processed data may further be processed to meet the changed requirements of an organization.
For example, the students' data could be analyzed and summarized using different tools. It could also be presented, in graphic form. You can sort the records of the students on the basis of their names or marks. In an organization, the managers make decisions by using correct information of the organization.
The above-mentioned students data may be processed and the result may be as shown below:
Result Sheet of Class Students
This processed data now gives the clear and proper understanding of students, obtained marks in different subjects, and finally total marks obtained.